Appendix 3: Reserve statistics

Robert Pringle and Nick Carver

Figure 1 Official total reserves* holdings, by country 2009–2018
Figure 2 Top 100 official total reserves* holdings, by value 2009–2018
Figure 3 Currency composition of foreign exchange reserves 2018*

*Figures for “total reserves” refer to foreign exchange, gold – at market prices – SDRs, and positions at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), unless otherwise stated. This calculation differs from those produced by the Fund, which value gold at historical prices. Figures for “foreign exchange reserves” refer to holdings of currencies only. Years

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