Most central banks have policy independence

But some respondents provide details of pressure they have faced to change policy

The majority of central banks providing data to the Governance Benchmarks 2024 say they have independence in matters of monetary policy and financial stability.

Forty-one (93.2%) of 44 respondents in the sample say they have independence in matters of monetary policy. Similarly, 43 (95.6%) of 45 central banks say they have independence in matters of financial stability.

In a separate question, however, Central Banking asked if respondents had come under pressure from influential groups in the

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