Banxico paper probes forced labour’s lingering effects in Ecuador

High forced labour involvement is associated with decreased descendants’ income

Ecuador map

A surname’s appearance in tax records concerning colonial forced labour is correlated with its bearer’s current income, a researcher with the Bank of Mexico finds.

The paper was written by Alex Rivadeneira, who collected tax records from the 18th and 19th centuries and connected people’s family histories via their surnames. Rivadeneira looks at concertaje, a form of coerced labor in Colonial Ecuador.

“I find that a 10 percentage point increase in a surname’s concertaje rate reduces the current

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