Currency Benchmarks 2023 – model banks analysis

Data reveals how advanced and emerging market central banks structure their currency operations

Benchmarking the currency department is perhaps the most challenging of any central bank function, as local features are critical to the number of banknotes on issue and the shape of the distribution infrastructure.

However, the model banks analysis reveals some trends about how central banks in different economic groupings go about structuring their departments and operating cash infrastructure. Advanced economies tend to pay higher salaries and operate with leaner staffing. They tend to

Only users who have a paid subscription or are part of a corporate subscription are able to print or copy content.

To access these options, along with all other subscription benefits, please contact or view our subscription options here:

You are currently unable to copy this content. Please contact to find out more.

Sorry, our subscription options are not loading right now

Please try again later. Get in touch with our customer services team if this issue persists.

New to Central Banking? View our subscription options

You need to sign in to use this feature. If you don’t have a Central Banking account, please register for a trial.

Sign in
You are currently on corporate access.

To use this feature you will need an individual account. If you have one already please sign in.

Sign in.

Alternatively you can request an individual account