IMF’s Gopinath calls for international trade co-operation

US-China tensions have redirected trade flows, deputy director says

Gita Gopinath
Gita Gopinath, International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund

Countries must work together to prevent fragmentation of global trade, International Monetary Fund (IMF) deputy managing director Gita Gopinath said.

Gopinath called on countries to limit “unilateral policy actions – including industrial policies” in a speech on May 7. A rise in US-China tensions has redirected trade flows since 2017, she said.

Further fragmentation of trade along geopolitical lines will lead to lower efficiency and productivity, Gopinath warned. 

She estimated that the costs of

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