Quarterly forecast updates predominate

Frequency of forecasts varies more widely in emerging markets

Central banks tend to make their forecasts on a quarterly basis, according to the Economics Benchmarks 2021. 

Forecasting requires economists to think about mixed frequency data. For example, financial market data is intrinsically high frequency, often generated at intervals of a fraction of a second, whereas headline figures such as GDP growth can take months to publish. 

Central banks’ frequency of updating key forecasts ranged considerably from one to 12 months. The median was three months

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